mental health disorders, depression trauma ocd adhd


In our everyday life, amidst our happiness and sadness, we often find ourselves overlooking a  crucial aspect of our well-being: (our mental health). Every one of us, at some point, has faced moments of uncertainty, anxiety, or sadness. It’s important to understand that mental health problems are a natural part of the human experience, deserving a lot of care, compassion and not judgement.

Having good mental health means being generally able to think, feel and react in the ways that you need and want to live your life. But if you go through a period of poor mental health, you might find the ways you’re frequently thinking, feeling or reacting become difficult or even impossible to cope with. This can feel just as bad as any physical illness or even worse.

Addressing mental health is of prime importance as it directly impacts the overall well-being and  the quality of life of individuals and the people around us. Mental health influences how we think, feel, and act, hence affecting our ability to cope with stress, maintain healthy relationships, and achieve personal goals. By acknowledging and addressing the importance of mental health , we can reduce the stigma surrounding mental illness and promote a culture of understanding and empathy.

Early intervention and appropriate support can prevent conditions from worsening and in turn helps individuals  to lead fulfilling lives. Moreover, a mentally healthy population is vital for a productive and prosperous society, as it natures resilience, creativity, and productivity. By prioritizing mental health, we pave the way for a more compassionate and inclusive world where everyone can thrive and reach their full potential.


According to the World Health Organization (WHO) in a recent report, 1 in every 8 people in the world live with a mental disorder meaning almost 970 million people in the world have a mental health disorder. Also it should be noted that most the people don’t know that they have any kind of mental disorder and they also don’t have access to effective mental health care. Many people also experience stigma, discrimination and violations of human rights.

The most common mental health disorders are depression and anxiety since a lot of people have been diagnosed with them. Well in this article we will be able to learn of other mental health disorders, their causes, sings and symptoms and how to seek help

  • Anxiety and panic attacks – anxiety disorders are characterized by excessive fear and worry and other related behavioral disturbances. The symptoms of anxiety are severe enough to result in significant distress or significant impairment in functioning. According to WHO in 2019, 301 million people were living with an anxiety disorder including 58 million children and adolescents There are several different kinds of anxiety disorders, such as:
    • generalized anxiety disorder (characterized by excessive worry),
    • panic disorder (characterized by panic attacks)
    • social anxiety disorder (characterized by excessive fear and worry in social situations)
    • separation anxiety disorder (characterized by excessive fear or anxiety about separation from those individuals to whom the person has a deep emotional bond),
    • Effective psychological treatment for anxiety exists, and depending on the age and severity, medication may also be considered.
  • Depression – Depression is different from usual mood fluctuations and short-lived emotional responses to challenges in everyday life.  During a depressive episode, the person experiences depressed mood (feeling sad, irritable, empty) or a loss of pleasure or interest in activities, for most of the day, nearly every day, for at least two weeks. Several other symptoms are also present, which may include poor concentration, feelings of excessive guilt or low self-worth, hopelessness about the future, thoughts about dying or suicide, disrupted sleep, changes in appetite or weight, and feeling especially tired or low in energy. 
  • BIPOLAR DISORDER – This type of mental health disorder mainly affects your mood. With this diagnosis you are likely to have times when you experience:
    • manic or hypomanic episodes (feeling high)
    • depressive episodes (feeling low)
    • potentially some psychotic symptoms.
  • Everyone has variations in their mood, but in bipolar disorder these swings can feel very extreme and have a big impact on your life. In between, you might have stable times where you experience fewer symptoms.
  • POST TRAUMATIC DISODER (PTSD) – is a mental health problem that an individual may develop after experiencing any traumatic events. The condition was first recognized in war veterans. It has had different names in the past, such as ‘shell shock’, but it’s not only diagnosed in soldiers. A wide range of traumatic events such as accidents, abuse and many other experiences can be the main causes of PTSD.
  • Schizophrenia -Schizophrenia is characterized by significant impairments in perception and changes in behavior.  Symptoms may include persistent delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking, highly disorganized behavior, or extreme agitation.  People with schizophrenia may experience persistent difficulties with their normal functioning. There are a range of effective treatment options that exist, including medication, psychoeducation, family interventions, and psychosocial rehabilitation.  Schizophrenia is a complicated mental health problem related to psychoses. There’s lots of misconceptions about it. Even mental health professionals don’t all agree about it. But the reality is that about 1 in every 100 people get this diagnosis at some point in their life.
  • Eating Disorders – Many people think that someone with an eating problem will be over or underweight. People might also think that certain weights are linked to certain eating problems. Neither of these points are true. An eating disorder is any relationship with food that you find difficult. But eating disorders are not just about food. They can be about painful feelings that you may be finding hard to express, face or resolve. Focusing on food can be a way of hiding these feelings and problems, even from yourself. It should be noted that anyone can experience eating problems. This is regardless of age, gender, weight or background.
  • PERSONALITY DISODERS – Our personality is the collection of thoughts, feelings and behaviors that makes us the individuals we are. We all don’t always think, feel and behave in exactly the same way it mostly depends on the situation we are in, the people with us and many other interconnecting factors. However, if you experience significant difficulties in how you relate to yourself and others and have problems coping day to day, you may receive a diagnosis of personality disorder.
  • Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) – this is a type of mental health condition characterized by two main components: obsessions and compulsions.
    • Obsessions: These are intrusive, unwanted, and distressing thoughts, images, or urges that repeatedly and involuntarily come into a person’s mind. These obsessions are often irrational and can cause significant anxiety and discomfort.
    • Compulsions: Compulsions are repetitive behaviors or mental acts that individuals with OCD feel compelled to perform in response to their obsessions. These behaviors are intended to reduce anxiety or prevent a feared outcome. However, the relief is only temporary, and the cycle of obsessions and compulsions often continues.
  • It’s important to note that OCD is a complex disorder, and its severity can vary from mild to severe. Treatment for OCD often involves cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), medication (such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors), or a combination of both, to help individuals manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life. If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of OCD, seeking help from a mental health professional is recommended for proper diagnosis and treatment.
  • Neurodevelopmental disorders – neurodevelopmental disorders are a group of conditions that affect the development of the nervous system and brain during early childhood. These disorders typically emerge in infancy or early childhood and can persist into adolescence and adulthood, leading to long-term challenges in various areas of functioning. people with neurodevelopment disorders may experience difficulties in areas such as
    • Cognitive Abilities: There may be delays or impairments in intellectual functioning, which can impact learning, problem-solving, and adaptive skills.
    • Communication: Language and communication skills can be affected, leading to difficulties in expressive and receptive language, speech articulation, and social communication.
    • Social Interaction: Challenges in social interaction and forming relationships are common, often leading to difficulties in understanding social cues, empathizing with others, and engaging in reciprocal communication.
    • Motor Skills: Both fine motor skills (e.g., writing, using utensils) and gross motor skills (e.g., walking, running) may be affected, impacting a person’s coordination and physical abilities.
    • Behavioral and Emotional Regulation: Individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders may exhibit atypical behaviors, such as repetitive movements, restricted interests, or intense emotional reactions.
  • some common types of neurodevelopmental disorders include
    • Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
    • Attention Deficit/Hypersensitivity Disorder (ADHD)
    • Specific Learning Disorder (SLD)
    • Intellectual Disorder (ID)

in a nutshell, the world of mental health disorders is both complex and sensitive, but it is important to note the following points :

  • Mental Health Awareness is important: We cannot stress enough the significance of recognizing mental health as an integral aspect of our overall well-being. Just as we care for our physical health, nurturing our mental health is equally essential. By understanding the extent of mental health disorders and their impact, we empower ourselves to break down the barriers of stigma and ignorance.
  • Practice compassion and Empathy: Let us walk with hearts of compassion and minds filled with empathy as we encounter those facing mental health challenges. Instead of judgment, let us offer support and understanding. By extending a compassionate hand, we create an environment where individuals feel safe to share their struggles and seek help without fear of rejection or discrimination.
  • Creating a Healthier Society: True transformation occurs when we come together as a collective to foster a healthier and more understanding society. This means challenging outdated beliefs, advocating for mental health education, and actively supporting mental health initiatives. By prioritizing mental health in policy, institutions, and everyday conversations, we pave the way for a more inclusive and compassionate world.

As we embrace different mental health disorders, let us remember that each person’s journey is unique, and their experiences deserve validation and respect. By recognizing the significance of mental health awareness, practicing compassion, and working together, we build a foundation for a society that values the well-being of all its members.

In this ever-evolving narrative, we have the power to be advocates of change, agents for progress, and bearers of hope. May our collective efforts illuminate the path toward a brighter future one that cherishes mental health as an essential part of the human experience and fosters a culture of empathy, understanding, and healing for everyone.

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